The Words Every ESOL Learner Should Know

Based on several sources I've listed in previous posts on English word frequency, here is my short list of the words that every student of English for speakers of other languages should learn first.

Numbers:
  1. (n)one
  2. two
  3. three
  4. four
  5. five
  6. six
  7. seven
  8. eight
  9. nine
  10. ten
Pronouns:
  1. me / myself / I
  2. my / mine
  3. us / ourselves / we
  4. our(s)
  5. you(rself) / yourselves
  6. your(s)
  7. him(self) / he
  8. his
  9. her(self) / she
  10. her(s)
  11. it(self)
  12. its
  13. them(selves) / they
  14. their(s)
Nouns:
  1. air
  2. answer
  3. apple
  4. arm
  5. back
  6. ball
  7. bank
  8. bear
  9. bed
  10. bird
  11. body / bodies
  12. book
  13. box(es)
  14. boy
  15. bread
  16. brother
  17. building
  18. case
  19. cause
  20. child(ren)
  21. church(es)
  22. city / cities
  23. cold
  24. color
  25. company / companies
  26. corn
  27. country / countries
  28. course
  29. cover
  30. cut
  31. day
  32. door
  33. dress(es)
  34. drink
  35. ear
  36. earth
  37. east
  38. egg
  39. end
  40. eye
  41. face
  42. fact
  43. fall
  44. family / families
  45. father
  46. field
  47. fire
  48. floor
  49. flower
  50. fly / flies
  51. food
  52. foot / feet
  53. form
  54. friend
  55. front
  56. garden
  57. girl
  58. god
  59. gold
  60. ground
  61. group
  62. guy
  63. hair
  64. half / halves
  65. hand
  66. head
  67. heart
  68. hill
  69. home
  70. horse
  71. house
  72. hundred
  73. kind
  74. king
  75. land
  76. left
  77. letter
  78. life / lives
  79. light
  80. line
  81. man / men
  82. mark
  83. matter
  84. mile
  85. milk
  86. mind
  87. money
  88. month
  89. morning
  90. mother
  91. mountain
  92. name
  93. nation
  94. night
  95. north
  96. number
  97. order
  98. paper
  99. part
  100. person / people
  101. picture
  102. piece
  103. place
  104. plan
  105. plant
  106. problem
  107. program
  108. rain
  109. reason
  110. rest
  111. right
  112. river
  113. road
  114. rock
  115. roll
  116. room
  117. school
  118. sea
  119. second
  120. ship
  121. side
  122. silver
  123. sister
  124. soldier
  125. sound
  126. south
  127. spring
  128. state
  129. step
  130. stone
  131. story
  132. street
  133. summer
  134. sun
  135. system
  136. table
  137. thing
  138. thousand
  139. time
  140. tire
  141. top
  142. town
  143. train
  144. tree
  145. wall
  146. war
  147. water
  148. way
  149. week
  150. west
  151. wind
  152. window
  153. winter
  154. woman
  155. wood
  156. word
  157. world
  158. year
Other Nominals:
  1. a(n)
  2. all
  3. any
  4. both
  5. each
  6. (n)either
  7. every
  8. few
  9. many
  10. more
  11. most
  12. Mr. / Ms. / Mrs. / Miss
  13. much
  14. (an)other
  15. same
  16. several
  17. some
  18. somebody / nobody / anybody / everybody
  19. someone / no one / anyone / everyone
  20. something / nothing / anything / everything
  21. such
  22. that / those
  23. the
  24. this / these
  25. what
  26. which
  27. who(m)
Verbs:
  1. answer
  2. ask
  3. be / am / are / is / was / were / been
  4. become / became
  5. begin / began / begun
  6. believe
  7. blow / blew / blown
  8. bring / brought
  9. build / built
  10. burn
  11. buy / bought
  12. call
  13. care
  14. carry / carries / carried
  15. cause
  16. change
  17. clear
  18. close
  19. come / came
  20. consider
  21. cover
  22. cross(es)
  23. cut
  24. develop
  25. die
  26. do(es) / did / done
  27. draw / drew / drawn
  28. dress(es)
  29. drink / drank / drunk
  30. drive / drove / driven
  31. drop
  32. eat / ate / eaten
  33. fall / fell / fallen
  34. feel / felt
  35. fill
  36. find / found
  37. fly / flew / flown
  38. follow
  39. force
  40. form
  41. get / got(ten)
  42. give / gave / given
  43. go(es) / went / gone
  44. govern
  45. grow / grew / grown
  46. have / has / had
  47. hear / heard
  48. help
  49. hold / held
  50. hope
  51. increase
  52. interest
  53. keep / kept
  54. kill
  55. know / knew / known
  56. land
  57. laugh
  58. lay / laid
  59. lead / led
  60. learn
  61. leave / left
  62. let
  63. like
  64. live
  65. look
  66. lose / lost
  67. love
  68. make / made
  69. mark
  70. matter
  71. mean / meant
  72. measure
  73. meet / met
  74. mind
  75. miss(es)
  76. move
  77. need
  78. open
  79. order
  80. own
  81. pass(es)
  82. pay
  83. plan / planned
  84. plant
  85. play
  86. point
  87. present
  88. put
  89. rain
  90. reach(es)
  91. read
  92. remember
  93. ride / rode / ridden
  94. roll
  95. run / ran
  96. save
  97. say(s) / said
  98. see / saw / seen
  99. seem
  100. send / sent
  101. serve
  102. set
  103. show / shown
  104. sing / sang / sung
  105. sit / sat
  106. sleep / slept
  107. speak / spoke(n)
  108. stand / stood
  109. start
  110. state
  111. stay
  112. step
  113. stop
  114. take / took / taken
  115. talk
  116. tell / told
  117. thank
  118. think / thought
  119. tire
  120. train
  121. try / tried
  122. turn
  123. use
  124. visit
  125. wait
  126. walk
  127. want
  128. watch(es)
  129. wish(es)
  130. work
  131. write / wrote / written
Other Verbals:
  1. can
  2. could
  3. may
  4. might
  5. must
  6. should
  7. will
  8. would
Interjections:
  1. (good)bye
  2. hello / hi
  3. hey
  4. huh
  5. no
  6. oh
  7. please
  8. uh / um
  9. well
  10. yes / yeah
Adjectives:
  1. afraid
  2. alone
  3. bad(ly) / worse / worst
  4. beautiful(ly)
  5. big / bigger / biggest
  6. black / blacker / blackest
  7. blue / bluer / bluest
  8. clear(ly) / clearer / clearest
  9. cold / colder / coldest
  10. dark / darker / darkest
  11. dead
  12. dear
  13. deep(ly) / deeper / deepest
  14. early / earlier / earliest
  15. even(ly)
  16. fair(ly)
  17. far / farther / farthest
  18. fast / faster / fastest
  19. final(ly)
  20. fine(ly) / finer / finest
  21. first(ly)
  22. fresh / fresher / freshest
  23. full(y) / fuller / fullest
  24. general(ly)
  25. glad(ly) / gladder / gladdest
  26. good / well / better / best
  27. great(ly) / greater / greatest
  28. green / greener / greenest
  29. happy / happily / happier / happiest
  30. hard(ly) / harder / hardest
  31. heavy / heavily / heavier / heaviest
  32. high(ly) / higher / highest
  33. hot(ly) / hotter / hottest
  34. kind / kinder / kindest
  35. large(ly) / larger / largest
  36. last
  37. late(ly) / later / latest
  38. little / littler / littlest
  39. long / longer / longest
  40. low / lower / lowest
  41. near(ly) / nearer / nearest
  42. new(ly) / newer / newest
  43. next
  44. normal(ly)
  45. OK
  46. old / older / oldest
  47. plain(ly) / plainer / plainest
  48. poor(ly) / poorer / poorest
  49. possible / possibly
  50. pretty / prettier / prettiest
  51. probable / probably
  52. public(ly)
  53. quick(ly) / quicker / quickest
  54. ready / readily
  55. real(ly)
  56. red / redder / reddest
  57. rich(ly) / richer / richest
  58. right(ly)
  59. round / rounder / roundest
  60. second(ly)
  61. short(ly) / shorter / shortest
  62. small / smaller / smallest
  63. soft(ly) / softer / softest
  64. sorry / sorrier / sorriest
  65. strong(ly) / stronger / strongest
  66. sure(ly) / surer / surest
  67. sweet(ly) / sweeter / sweetest
  68. true / truly / truer / truest
  69. usual(ly)
  70. warm(ly) / warmer / warmest
  71. white / whiter / whitest
  72. whole / wholly
  73. wide(ly) / wider / widest
  74. young / younger / youngest
Prepositions:
  1. about
  2. above
  3. across
  4. after
  5. again
  6. against
  7. along
  8. around
  9. at
  10. away
  11. before
  12. behind
  13. between
  14. by
  15. down
  16. during
  17. for
  18. from
  19. in
  20. into
  21. of
  22. off
  23. on
  24. out
  25. over(ly)
  26. through
  27. to
  28. under
  29. until / till
  30. up
  31. with
  32. without
Other Modifiers:
  1. almost
  2. also
  3. always
  4. and
  5. as
  6. because
  7. but
  8. enough
  9. even
  10. (n)ever
  11. here
  12. how
  13. however
  14. if
  15. just
  16. like
  17. maybe
  18. more
  19. most(ly)
  20. not
  21. now
  22. often
  23. once
  24. only
  25. (n)or
  26. own
  27. since
  28. so
  29. sometime(s)
  30. somewhere / nowhere / anywhere / everywhere
  31. soon
  32. still
  33. than
  34. then
  35. there
  36. though
  37. today
  38. together
  39. too
  40. very
  41. when
  42. where
  43. while
  44. why
  45. yet

If you have more words to add to this list or you see some words you feel should not be on the list, please post your suggestions as a comment.

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